Grown for its brightly colored fruit, ornamental pepper plant is not particularly attractive until it becomes loaded with ripening peppers in fall and winter. Another common name for this plant is Christmas Pepper.
Place the plants in bright, direct light such as a window facing west or south. Alternatively, place the plants under grow lights for 14 to 16 hours per day, allowing 6 inches between the light and the top of the plant. Without adequate light, ornamental chili peppers grow tall and spindly. Water ornamental chili peppers whenever the surface of the soil feels slightly dry. Water the plant until water drips through the drainage hole, then let the pot drain thoroughly. Never let the pot sit in water, as wet soil may lead to root rot. Feed ornamental chili plants twice every month beginning when blooms appear. Use a general-purpose liquid fertilizer mixed at a rate of 1/2 teaspoon in 1 gallon of water.
CAUTION: The peppers are edible, but most are fiery hot. The juice from them can cause painful burning of the eyes and mouth. Keep plants away from small children and wash your hands thoroughly after handling the peppers.